Finland was represented in the European Council by the Prime Minister and in the General Affairs Council by the Minister for European Affairs. In addition, an ad hoc group on Article 50 has been set up, composed of experts from the Member States, to assist the Council in the withdrawal negotiations. The working group met weekly in Brussels. The Withdrawal Agreement provided for a transition period until the end of 2020, during which the EU and the UK largely continued as if the UK were still a member of the EU. The only substantial exception was that the UK was no longer involved in the EU decision-making process or in the activities of the EU institutions during the transition period. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially an agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK), signed on 24 January 2020, which sets out the conditions for the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and to appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The inclusion of the deal in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the Political Declaration by replacing the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” in relation to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, Trade Fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the level playing field mechanism has moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that “the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas” has been deleted.
 The WAB transposes Boris Johnson`s withdrawal agreement, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. After the entry into force of the MCA, the Withdrawal Agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the European Union (Articles 40 and 41). The most important elements of the draft agreement are: The Withdrawal Agreement also contains provisions allowing the United Kingdom to leave the Convention establishing the Statute for the European Schools, with the United Kingdom being bound by the Convention and the accompanying rules relating to accredited European Schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period. i.e. the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  The UK Parliament approved the draft agreement at that time by adopting implementing provisions (the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020) on 23 January 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 30 October. January 2020 after consent by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force.
(6) The part of the institutional and final provisions (Articles 158 to 185) contains rules to ensure uniform interpretation and application of the Agreement. In addition, a Joint Committee and a Dispute Settlement Procedure have been set up for the management of the Agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union. The Declaration on the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration negotiated and signed in conjunction with the binding and broader Withdrawal Agreement in the context of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), colloquially known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the “Irish backstop”, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement that outlined provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Protocol contains a provision on a safety net to deal with circumstances in which other satisfactory arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described below. In Finland, the UK`s withdrawal from the EU was managed by different ministries according to their respective administrative branches. Finland`s positions were coordinated by the Prime Minister`s Office, which submitted several reports to Parliament on the subject. The reports are available here.
The United Kingdom has concluded similar agreements with the EEA EFTA States (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland. You can read the: 3. The main objective of the section on separation provisions (Articles 40 to 125) is to ensure legal certainty so that procedures based on the application of Union law and pending at the end of the transition period can be completed in accordance with EU law. . . .